Hypothesis: The less time students have to learn, the higher their testing scores are.

This has been a suspicion of mine for a while now. For example, I find that my accelerated summer/winter modules (6-week courses) generally outperform my normal fall/spring modules (12-week courses) in the subject material, testing procedures, etc. I'm guessing that the major factors involved are (a) a greater focus and more connections with the given subject material, (b) fewer competing courses being taken at the same time, vying for mental attention, and (c) simply less time and opportunity to forget stuff from class to class, which I feel is a real issue for many of my students. (Countering factor might be: Maybe more dedicated students register for summer/winter courses?)

So this summer I had an excellent accidental experiment in this regard. I'm teaching two statistics classes in parallel on Mon/Wed and Tue/Thu nights. There was a weird burp in the schedule (specifically, the Mon Jul-4 holiday) that caused one class to be ahead of the other by one evening's lecture. So heading into the last test (partly on hypothesis tests and P-values), the Mon/Wed class was first introduced to the subject just 2 weekdays (48 hours) in advance of the test, whereas the Tue/Thu class had a whole week (7 days) to see P-values and study for the test (including, obviously, a whole weekend).

So I was rather concerned that the Mon/Wed class was being unfairly put upon, what with such a short window in which to study, and on Wednesday they did seem to struggle. But then to my surprise it turned out that the Tue/Thu class found what was basically the same test even more challenging, and got a significantly lower average score on the same assessment.

## Friday, July 22, 2011

## Thursday, July 7, 2011

### On Tau

So recently there were some popular news articles with titles like, "Mathematicians Want to Say Goodbye to Pi" -- first I've heard of it, and of course initially it sounded ridiculous (I guess that's the point of news-article title-writing, eh?) The gist of it is that in theory, when dealing with circles, it would easier to exchange the value pi = circumference/diameter for tau = circumference/radius, i.e., tau = 2*pi.

And actually, that very quickly hit me as something that would be very nice to have. It would make a lot of trigonometry and calculus easier. The number of radians in a circle would simply be tau (instead of 2*pi). Perhaps most important for me, circles are inherently defined by their radius (all points a given distance from the center), not by their diameter.

Now my first attempt at an objection was the formula for a circle's area, which would get ever-so slightly more complicated, switching from A = pi*r^2 to A = tau*r^2/2. But that's a small thing, and in fact it reminds you of the fundamental integral(r)=r^2/2 which is used to derive it in calculus (instead of a disappearing denominator trick, canceled by the constant 2*pi).

The other thing that just occurred to me -- and motivated this post -- is what it does to Euler's identity, e^(i*pi) = -1 (or however you want to move the terms around). Now, I may be an angry crank, but if I think deeply about this celebrated identity (it was voted "most beautiful formula" in the Mathematical Intelligencer, 1990; a post which I have taped on the wall over my computer), it's not terribly interesting; granted that the imaginary part of the exponential function is a rotation in the complex plane, and coincidentally pi happens to be half a circle, i.e., landing on the point (-1, 0). If we used tau more commonly, then the triviality would be more apparent: e^(i*tau) = 0, and no one would get as worked up about it anymore. Or maybe people would think it's even more "beautiful" then, hell, I don't know. :-)

Am I going to try to switch the thousands-year legacy of using pi to tau? Not me, man, I've got enough to do without quixotic crusades. But yeah, if I could pick different historical legacies the options for (1) switch pi to tau, and (2) switch electrical current signs (link), would be near the top of the list.

What do you think?

Edit: Of course, e^(i*tau) = 1 (not 0). [Knocks self on head.] Maybe that actually is more beautiful.

And actually, that very quickly hit me as something that would be very nice to have. It would make a lot of trigonometry and calculus easier. The number of radians in a circle would simply be tau (instead of 2*pi). Perhaps most important for me, circles are inherently defined by their radius (all points a given distance from the center), not by their diameter.

Now my first attempt at an objection was the formula for a circle's area, which would get ever-so slightly more complicated, switching from A = pi*r^2 to A = tau*r^2/2. But that's a small thing, and in fact it reminds you of the fundamental integral(r)=r^2/2 which is used to derive it in calculus (instead of a disappearing denominator trick, canceled by the constant 2*pi).

The other thing that just occurred to me -- and motivated this post -- is what it does to Euler's identity, e^(i*pi) = -1 (or however you want to move the terms around). Now, I may be an angry crank, but if I think deeply about this celebrated identity (it was voted "most beautiful formula" in the Mathematical Intelligencer, 1990; a post which I have taped on the wall over my computer), it's not terribly interesting; granted that the imaginary part of the exponential function is a rotation in the complex plane, and coincidentally pi happens to be half a circle, i.e., landing on the point (-1, 0). If we used tau more commonly, then the triviality would be more apparent: e^(i*tau) = 0, and no one would get as worked up about it anymore. Or maybe people would think it's even more "beautiful" then, hell, I don't know. :-)

Am I going to try to switch the thousands-year legacy of using pi to tau? Not me, man, I've got enough to do without quixotic crusades. But yeah, if I could pick different historical legacies the options for (1) switch pi to tau, and (2) switch electrical current signs (link), would be near the top of the list.

What do you think?

Edit: Of course, e^(i*tau) = 1 (not 0). [Knocks self on head.] Maybe that actually is more beautiful.

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